Vaginitis is a common infection of the vagina that causes itching, pain and discharge. Patients may develop this condition as a result of a change in the vaginal bacteria levels, low hormone levels, from yeast, or from sexually-transmitted pathogens.

The treatment for vaginitis depends on the etiology, so it is important for patients to see a physician to make the correct diagnosis. Oral and topical medications are often effective in relieving symptoms and clearing any infection, usually within a week. Low hormonal levels may be corrected with estrogen supplements, in the form of vaginal creams, tablets or rings.